The contribution of the North to the national GDP has been the lowest for a very long time due to the war. It was around 2.5 percent in 1999 which went only up to 2.9 percent in 2004.
While the contribution of the East has been double of the North, yet it was around 5 percent in 1999 which went up to 5.4 percent in 2004. One reason attributed to the low contribution was the informal or the LTTE war economy which has completely ended with the end of the war in May 2009.
The infrastructure in the North and east was greatly dilapidated with only 10-15% of the road surfaces intact. Only 46% of the population of North and East has access to safe drinking water compared to 62% of the rest of the country.
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